The mechanism of JI (Joint Implementation) or AIJ (activities implemented jointly) is one of the instruments provided under the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) to enable the member Parties meet their respective commitments cost-effectively on a global basis. At the first Conference of Parties to the FCCC (COP-1), it was decided to establish a pilot phase for AIJ among developing and developed country Parties to the Convention (FCCC/CP/1995/L.13). The main objective of this phase was to gather information and experience, draw lessons and to demonstrate viability of the mechanism as a feasible and equitable instrument facilitating Parties to meet the objectives of the FCCC.
In this light, the TERI in conjunction with Pembina Institute, Canada explored various aspects of AIJ/JI, and built a regional base in Asia to encourage discussion and research regarding the potential and application of cooperative projects under AIJ/JI. The AEI members played an important role in the project. The program involved research in various aspects, including both general and country-specific issues, and modalities related to the concept and working of AIJ (like project design, monitoring and verification); attempt to increase the understanding and disseminate AIJ related information on a large scale, particularly to the potential partners from Asia and Canada; and identified the potential AIJ projects in various countries of Asia, as well as the potential investors. During the course of the project, CDM became a reality and the AEI members assisted in identifying potential CDM projects in their respective countries.